<html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1251"> <meta name="Generator" content="Igor Kondrashin"> <meta name="Author" content="Igor Kondrashin"> <meta name="HTML-coding" content="Stavros Demirtzoglou"> <title>World Philosophical Forum web-site</title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css"> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css.css"> <BODY BGPROPERTIES=FIXED BACKGROUND="../offpap/fon.gif" BGCOLOR="#ffffff"> </head> <body class="body_txt"> <center> <p><font size="3">[ <a href="./index.htm">the topic page</a> ] [ <a href="../indexe.htm">the main page</a> ]</font></p> <p><img src="../../images/bar18.gif" height="4" width="759" border="0"></p> <p><font size="4" color="#004500"><b>Anastasios Makratos Makropoulos</b>  writer,<br> Byzantinologist  Medieralist  Researcher,<br> University of Athens, Greece</font> </p> <p><img src="../../images/bar61.gif" height="7" width="365" border="0"></p> <p><font size="4" color="#003600"><b>Plato s  SYMPOSIUM <br> Eros of the body - eros of the immortality</b></p> </center><blockquote> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><font color="#004500"><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Plato s  Symposium was written circa 388 B.C. and refers to the Symposium held by the dramatic poet Agathon for his friends to celebrate his victory in the Lenaia dramatic contests in January 416 B.C. The dinner guests were among the finest representatives of the Athenian intellect and politics and some of them were still quite young. Victorious Agathon himself had just turned twenty, Aristophanes was slightly younger than thirty, Alkiviades was approximately thirty-five and so was Pausanias. Socrates, now mature, is in his fifty-fourth year of age.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Symposiums in Ancient Greece constituted an important social institutionand were already known as early as the Homeric era. Nestor mentions in  Iliad that a good symposium creates an atmosphere of familiarity so that controversial subjects can be discussed. In  Odyssey , symposiums in the Palaces of Alkinoos</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>and Ulysses are mentioned. In <st1:place w:st="on">Ionia</st1:place> and <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Athens</st1:place></st1:City>, a more refined form of the Symposium evolved. At first, the dinner guests ate ( </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> or  </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> ). Later, during  </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> , they drank watered wine and the discussion started after its subject had been defined.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>In Plato s  Symposium , the subject is god Eros, for whom, as pointed out by Phaidros, not even one encomium has been composed by poets and this seems unacceptable to him. , &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, & ., </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>;&raquo; (177</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>)<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span>(<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>*)</b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Phaidros makes the introduction as the  father of the speech , i.e. as the one who has defined the subject and the others follow, each one of them presenting his encomium and praise for Eros, his beauty and charms, his traits and the passions he generates. Phaidros</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size: 13.5pt;line-height:150%'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>extols</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>Eros</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>as</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>a</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>great</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'> </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>god</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'> &laquo;            &raquo; (178). </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>The sense of honour is owed to Eros (178d and further), as well as disregard before death (179b and further). According to Pausanias there are two types of love, the &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;, the sensual (181</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> and further) and the &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;, the spiritual (181c and further). Eryximachos proceeds to point out that Eros does not only reside in the human soul but constitutes a general, metaphysical principle, which permeates all beings and all events of human life (186</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> and further). In his speech, Aristophanes, starting from the mythological androgynous gender (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) and its separation by Zeus, interprets the mutual attraction of sexes as the struggle of the human being - male or female - to seek and find its  other half (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) (189d and further). Then, Agathon proceeds to extol the qualities of Eros, namely that he is beautiful, therefore he has youth, softness, fluidity, symmetry, multitude of hues. Also, Eros is perfect since he is governed by justice, prudence, bravery, wisdom (195</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> and further).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;line-height:150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>___________________________</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;line-height:150%'><i><span lang=EN-US style='mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>(*)<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span>This extract as well as all that follow comes from the <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceType w:st="on">Academy</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Athens</st1:PlaceName></st1:place> publication: Plato s  Symposium , text, translation and interpretation by Io. Sykoutris, <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Athens</st1:place></st1:City>,  Estia , <sup>10</sup>1990 (<sup>1</sup>1934). In this article, for practical reasons, we use monotonic system.</span></i><i><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:8.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>When it is Socrates turn to speak, he states that he will share with the other dinner guests everything he had been taught about Eros by the oracle Diotima, who hailed from Mantineia. We are not sure whether she is actually a historical personality. What does matter though, is the reason why Plato indirectly placed her in  Symposium . And it appears that the philosopher chose this narrative device to lend religious and prophetic atmosphere and language to what Socrates expounds on, which, eventually exceeds reason and reaches transcendental faith and the vision of absolute beauty and absolute truth. Furthermore, Plato s belief that the limits of truth exceed the limits of logical proof is well known. In essence, Diotima impersonates Socrates as the teacher, who engages into conversation with Socrates as the student. It is the philosopher s debate with himself.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Socrates believes that Eros is not a god, because gods, being blissful and handsome, do not need to seek bliss and handsomeness. Eros is something between gods and humans, he is a  Great Demon (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) (202d) and therefore, constitutes a means of communication between divine will and human requests. Since he lies in the midst of the two existences, he spans the void between them, reverses the chasm, and contributes to the cohesion of the universe. </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'>&laquo;     ,      &raquo; (202</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>e</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'>).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Besides, since Eros is - mythologigally speaking - the child of Poros and Penia, he has all the traits of his parents. Because of his father he is a charmer, a hunter, a trapper, brave, vigorous, extremely enchanting with herbs and words, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (203d). From his mother, he has inherited want and deprivation. Therefore, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (203e), he is always between wealth and poverty.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Eros is also love for what is beautiful , &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (204b), and since wisdom is one of the most wonderful things in the world, it follows that Eros is a philosopher &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (204b).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Therefore, Eros is presented by Socrates to possess a nature that is extremely dynamic and always in motion, never static and still. It lies between wisdom and ignorance, between the beautiful and the ugly, between the wealth and the poverty. Every lover wishes to acquire what is beautiful so that he will be content, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>& </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> & </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (204de ), and within this acquisition (<span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&laquo;</span></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&raquo;)</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> we believe that the very essence of the nature of Eros lies: that Eros perpetually strives towards the acquisition of goods and their everlasting possession. </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'>&laquo;  &        &raquo; (206).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>When human nature fully develops, it desires to bear children &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (206c). This desire illustrates the immortal, divine element that exists within the mortal human entity. As ugliness is incompatible with the divine element, birth is only appropriate in an environment of beauty, therefore, Eros is the desire to be born within beauty &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (206e). Consequently, desire and love and children, and the concern for their development and upbringing are explained by the fact that &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> & </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (207d), the mortal seeks immortality. The desire for immortality appears in what seems at first sight as the absurd (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) tendency of certain people who defy death in their powerful quest to become famous and acquire immortal glory. &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (208c). Socrates mentions the examples of Alkestis, Achilles and Kodros. However, we believe that in the first two examples, what played a major part in the act of sacrifice was conjugal and friendly love respectively.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Other people are pregnant  in terms of their bodies (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) and they create children along with their wives, hoping  through childbirth to acquire immortality and memory and bliss , &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (208e). Others, however, are pregnant  in terms of soul (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) and they bear  prudence and the other virtue , &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size: 13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (209a), as is the case of poets and the worthy plastic artists, who create spiritual and artistic offspring. According to Plato, the supreme form of prudence, and therefore, the supreme form of birth is the one related to the management of the state and household affairs, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size: 13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (209</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>), which is called  prudence and justice (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>We see that love, as a factor of immortality starts from the biological event and extends to spiritual and artistic creation and even further, to political practice, a function of the citizen. Homer, Hesiodos and other great poets are mentioned as parents of exquisite spiritual offspring whereas Lycourgos and Solon are brought up as examples of parents of superb governance. Monuments and shrines had been erected in their honour, but never for those who had only given birth to physical offspring, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (209e).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Now Socrates is ready to talk about the levels of love: In his words, a young man as a lover should come into contact with beauty and be in love, at first, with only one body. This contact will lead to communication between the lover and the object of his love. This will give rise to beautiful views and thoughts, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>). Since the beauties of the bodies have an internal relationship, and therefore the beauty that resides in all the handsome bodies is, in essence, only one, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>), the young man, in the next level of his erotic pursuits, will become a lover of all the handsome bodies, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210b).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>At a higher level, the lover must learn to regard the beauty of the soul as more valuable and more worthy of love than the handsomeness of the body, so he will give his love to beautiful souls &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210b), even if the beauty of the body is only moderate &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210b). Then the lover must generate reasons that will elevate people, especially the young. The consequence of this effort is that he will discern the beauty in the acts and the institutions &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210c), i.e. in the virtuous relation between the young citizen and the state, as well as his fellow citizens.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>The next level inevitably leads the lover to the world of knowledge and its beauty, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210c). Then, an ocean of spiritual beauty will lie before him, and he, himself will generate splendid philosophical reflections and speeches that are wonderful and magnificent &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height: 150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210d).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>We have already entered into the realm of metaphysics; the ascent from the physical to the spiritual and, even further, the intellectual creation has been completed. Next comes the participation and contribution to public affairs and then follows the vision of science (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size: 13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;), which reaches the supreme knowledge of the world and the universe, at a divine level we might say. Then, Diotima says to Socrates, the initiate to Eros will suddenly gaze upon a miraculous beauty, for the sake of which he has laboured so much in his effort to attain it. The absolute beauty is eternal, it is not born, neither does it disappear, it does not increase or decrease, it continually has the property of the absolutely beautiful without being subjected to changes, everything that is beautiful in the world and in life participates in its beauty, but it remains unaffected by anything, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><u><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'></span></u><u><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>?</span></u><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, & , </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (210e, 211ab).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>When the lover reaches this level of intellectual and spiritual exaltation, he has almost reached the end of his initiation, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (211b). We must stress the  almost (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size: 13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;) which has been inserted in the sentence. We are of the opinion that Plato wants to point out the structural inability of the human intellect, however developed it might be, to conceive the transcendental, the complete, absolute essence of divinity. However, the initiate receives a taste of the absolute, and this is what makes human life worthwhile. </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'>&laquo;  & ,   ,      &raquo; (211</span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>d</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'>). </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>Compared to the sight of this beauty, which is guileless, pure, unadulterated, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (211e), material goods, gold, luxurious clothes, physical beauty and love seem infinitesimal. Having reached this highest point, and having tasted the absolute beauty, the lover will generate and develop the actual virtue, and not the false one, which is the reflection of the former, because he is already in contact with the truth, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>& </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (212</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>). Then he will become the beloved of the gods, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo;, and, considering human measures, immortal. So, Eros is the best supporter in the human s effort to touch the absolute good and immortality. Therefore, all of us must honour and worship Eros, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt; line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (212b). This is exactly why Socrates, as he states at the end of his speech, appreciates and honours the works of love and always extols the power and the valour of love, &laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> & </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (212b).</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>The Platonic view and ascent of the erotic from the aesthetics of the body to the aesthetics of the soul, and from there to the gnoseology, ontology, philosophy of action and ethics, essentially includes the outline of Socrates s philosophical thought. Man, as a mortal being, but with an innate potential for immortality, bears his physical offspring through Eros the Demon   Our blood our sperm and / Projections of our bodies in the future , Mystic Loves II, 1068-9 (&laquo;</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> / </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>&raquo; (</span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'> </span><span lang=EL style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%'></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>, 1068-9), according to the poet  but he can also generate spiritual and artistic creations, cultivate knowledge and virtue, participate wisely in the public affairs of the state, and therefore contribute to the common good, which constitutes the paramount act and obligation of a citizen.</span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;text-indent:36.0pt;line-height: 150%'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:13.5pt;line-height:150%;mso-ansi-language: EN-US'>Towards all these Platonic ideals, which remain imperishable through time, the contemporary man must advance. These timeless values of life unite humanity towards the pursuit and fulfilment of a better and fairer society.</p> </blockquote><center> <p><img src="../../images/bar62.gif" height="11" width="609" border="0"></p> <p><font size="3">[ <a href="./index.htm">the topic page</a> ] [ <a href="../indexe.htm">the main page</a> ]</font></p> </center></body></html>