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Our understanding of the values and vices, embody action-interested attitude of man to the world, firstly, allow to justify standard moral requirements. Secondly, they serve as the normative form of moral orientation of man in the world, translating and implementing it in the form of specific and often «ready» regulators. Thirdly, in our ideas about the values at the same time there is an assessment of the phenomena of reality and human actions in terms of their moral significance. The actions of people have certain moral significance, because they have an impact on public life, affect the interests of the people, strengthen or, conversely, undermine the foundations of existing society, contribute to or counteract social progress. Considering this social value of individual acts, the society regulates behavior of people by means of moral relations, makes them moral demands, places before them certain objectives. Thanks to it acts acquire moral value, i.e.: the action corresponding to the moral requirements, is a good; contradicting them – the evil. The list of universal value orientations, serving as Objectives and motives of behavior, was formed, as it is known, gradually from century to century throughout all period of evolutionary process of mankind's existence on the development of human consciousness. Axiological foundations of world-view and behavior were included already in the ancient biblical texts of manuals, where in addition to behavioral commandments at the same time were given without fail the concept of sin, i.e. expressing certain prohibitions. In the philosophical composition of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius (II century) it is affirmed, that moral values to which it is necessary to aspire, it is - justice, truth, wisdom, courage, devotion to the interests of the state. To the true values he also ascribes generally useful activities, citizenship, which oppose such sham, in his opinion, values, as «approval of the crowd, power, wealth, a life full of pleasures». Thus, the process of social development occurred and still occurs through the formation of summative set of values, as well as mentality perfection through the development of thinking skills and deepening of the consciousness of every person in one of two specified opposite directions: in the noospheric one - positive, productive, useful, i.e. as it should be, and in negaspheric - vicious, destructive – under other circumstances. Value orientations can be identified through an integrated set of universal values and vices, which in process of the deepening of human consciousness historically was more and more enriched, added and improved, more and more conditioning moral motivation of human behavior. Value – the philosophical concept, meaning, first, the positive or negative significance of any object In the first case we deal with so-called subject, «objective» values. In the second - with the values «subjective», to which, in particular, moral values are attributed as well, such as – public purposes, the imperatives, goals and projects, expressed in the form of representations of good and evil, just and unfair, about the meaning of life and destiny of man, his ideals and principles. Vice – the moral, spiritual defect; all that is contrary to truth and goodness; evil and lies, as a property, the quality of the person; all moral perversion, distortion, inclination to a harm, to bad life. The prevailing by today set of common values and vices in a view of visualization and convenience of use can be presented in a tabular form, or some kind of an approximate qualification SCALE of the modern, most actual values and vices that are listed in a certain hierarchical sequence:
VALUES and VICES
I. To love, consider above
life, profound knowledge, mind (reason), labor, truth, science, trues, the Native land (patriotism), universal values, wisdom (philosophy), family, friendship, moral principles, decency, trust, honesty, conscience, correctly educated conscientiousness, justice, honor, children, judiciousness;
II. To respect, approve, esteem -
elders, well brought up, educated, intelligent, parents, teachers, tutors, friends, laws, democracy (nооcracy), freedom, freedom of intelligent speech, civic duties and rights, beauty (beautiful), enlightenment, creativity and outstanding creations, harmony, high culture, correct conscientiousness, authenticity, fulfillment of duty, promises (your word), responsibility, governmental system, reasonable laws, public service, ability to do good - virtue, proper execution of commissions and official duties, history, the production technology, moral principles, thrift, good taste, kindness, the help to parents, compassion, politeness, pride, charity, benevolence, sincerity, nobleness, accuracy, precision, courage, bravery, boldness, purposefulness, resoluteness, sacrifice, mercy, intelligence, success, the order, discipline, literacy, good books, theater, humour, aspiration to to perfection, health, physical culture, hygiene, cleanliness (purity), own home, neighbors, colleagues, compatriots, fellow citizens, fellow countrymen, professionalism, party comrades, allies, inhabitancy, the nature, animals, the materialist worldview, civilization;
III. To perceive as a reality -
World around, society, own profession, place of birth, books, television, computer, the Internet, telephone communication, property, cars and yachts, villas and cottages, sports and sporting events, various kinds of art, games, cinematography, the philosophizing and philosophizing people, the crippled, the sick, performances of various singers, actors, sex, force, restaurants, bureaucracy, taxes, state power, good breeding in behavior, success, career, a racial accessory, nationality, ideology, church, religion of all faiths and denominations, wealth, poverty, honestly earned money, leniency to others;
IV. To condemn, consider inadmissible -
illiteracy, distorted or undeveloped consciousness, alcoholism, smoking, substance abuse, profanity, overeating (gluttony), laziness, apathy, reluctance to have a family (healthy descendants), avidity, money-grabbing, 'dirty' money, aspiration for immense wealth, a self-interest, conceit, cowardice, stupidity, rudeness, abusive behavior, lack of will, greed, profiteering, abuse of power, bribery, wars, irresponsibility, immorality, parasitism, vulgarity, fraud, negligence, Untidiness, disrespect for parents and seniors, vanity, anger, despondency, deception (disinformation), envy, meanness, disgrace, hypocrisy, cynicism, jealousy, hatred, mockery, evil intention, hooliganism, hypocrisy, provocations, zombiing, chaos, filth and neglect, the nature littering, technology violation, oblivion of ancestors, nationalism, double standards, indecision, unpatriotism, to offend the person (animal), harm causing, philistine psychology (mentality), presence on civil service of criminals and people with schizoid deviations, religious sectarianism, homosexuality, games in a casino, extortion, physical inactivity, prostitution, ignorance of at least one foreign language, mental inactivity (checkers, chess) and physical jogging, swimming, exercises) gymnastics, hobby for gambling;
V. To be uncompromising, to fight against -
barbarity, ignorance, gangsterism, robbers, thieves of national wealth, terrorists, murderers, maniacs, rampant communism (Bolshevism), obscurantism, fascism, extremism, masochism, militarism, traitors and betrayers, drug addiction, alcoholism, corruption, lies, capture of hostages and another's property (corporate raid), larceny, demagogy, slander, harm, seducers of children (pedophilia), wreckers of environment, dimwitting of consciousness.
It is quite natural that in normally developing society there should be so-called core values, which should include such as: intelligence, positive knowledge, morals, behavior based on high culture, good manners, patriotism, etc., i.e. those that can be achieved only through a painstaking and comprehensive education and enlightenment.
Unfortunately, in today's real life, many people have the wrong idea about the values and vices, often backed by the mass-media, in particular television, as well as various preachers and sectarians. As a result, the reference pattern of of values is greatly distorted, accordingly altering to the worst the behavior and actions of individuals.
Distorted perception of
in the modern world
Numerous part of the planet population:
Love, esteem, consider above all else -
money (including "dirty" money), the desire to immense wealth, swindle, demagogy, deception (disinformation), corruption, double standards, immorality, laziness, unwillingness to have a family (healthy descendants), avidity, money-grabbing, self-interest, abuse of power, bribery, rudeness, offensive behavior, illiteracy, alcoholism, smoking, glue sniffing, profanity, greed, profiteering, parasitism, platitude, disrespect for parents and elders, vanity, anger, despondency,envy, meanness, disgrace, hypocrisy, cynicism, jealousy, hatred, mockery, evil intention, hooliganism, an overeating (gluttony), hypocrisy, provocations,zombiing, chaos, filth and neglect, vandalism, environmental degradation, littering, extortion, ignorance, gangsterism, drug abuse, capture of another's property(corporate raid), larceny, irresponsibility, homosexuality, prostitution, etc.;
And at the same time:
Treat with contempt, don't show respect, don't esteem -
profound knowledge, mind (reason), work, truth, science, trues, the Native land, wisdom (philosophy), family, friendship, moral principles, decency, trust, honesty, contrition, justice, honor, children, judiciousness, seniors, well brought up, educated, intelligent, parents, teachers, tutors, friends, laws, civil duties and rights, beauty (beautiful), enlightenment, creativity and outstanding creations, harmony, high culture of behavior, conscientiousness, trustworthiness, fulfillment of duty, promises (to keep a word), responsibility, service to a society, ability to be good - virtue, appropriate execution of orders and service responsibilities, history, production technology, moral principles, thrift, good taste, kindness, the help to parents, compassion, civility, pride, charity, benevolence, sincerity, nobleness, accuracy, accuracy, courage, bravery, boldness, purposefulness, resoluteness, sacrifice, mercy, intelligence, success, order, discipline, literacy, good books, theater, humour, aspiration to perfection, health, physical culture, hygiene, cleanliness (purity), neighbors, colleagues, fellow countrymen, compatriots, fellow citizens, allies, environment, nature, animals, civilization
Such distorted perception of values and vices has negative impact on the lives of the surrounding society, Mankind as a whole, brings to normal people undeserved grief and suffering, breaks harmony and well-being in the world, worsens the living conditions for future generations of people deprived of opportunities though somehow to affect them.
To reverse this negative tendency in the public consciousness, it is necessary for people with correctly-oriented mentalitywith common efforts to achieve a broad spread of authentic VALUES and to unite in struggle against the true DEFECTS, namely:
Short list of VALUES,
which everyone should defend and VICES,
that everyone must confront
So, we have currently the following "eternal" values of primary importance:
Profound knowledge, conscience, correctly educated conscientiousness, intellect (mind), original trues, wisdom (philosophy), family, friendship, morals (morality), decency, trust, honesty, justice, honor, labor, truth, science, children, parents, judiciousness, civil duties and rights, high culture of behavior, conscientiousness, responsibility, service to a society, ability to be good - virtue, thrift, good taste, kindness, compassion, civility, pride, charity, benevolence, sincerity, nobleness, accuracy, accuracy, courage, bravery, boldness, purposefulness, resoluteness, sacrifice, mercy, intelligence, aspiration to perfection, cleanliness (purity), civilization
Along with them not less eternal defects, which must be confronted everywhere, exist and spoil life to everything around:
Barbarism, ignorance, distorted or undeveloped consciousness, 'dirty' money, banditry, robbery, plunderery (including natural resources), terrorism, murders, obscurantism, fascism, extremism in any form, double standards, vandalism, fraud, damage to the biosphere, militarism, treachery and betrayal, drug addiction, corruption, alcoholism, lie, capture of hostages and another's property (corporate raid), larceny, demagogy, slander, malice, seducing of children (pedophilia), environment wrecking
Only filling the life around with these values and
as much as possible resisting indicated vices both at yourself, and at others,
We can change together Life on planet Earth for the better for ALL!
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